|Posted by Gary Robusto on May 15, 2013 at 10:20 AM|
Written by Tom Conwell, team UFOlogist
TOPIC: Dark Matter & Dark Energy
I may lose a few people along the way with this one but I just can't make a blanket statement without a little explanation. Believe me, this is a lot more complicated than I made it out to be. Stick with this one and you'll learn something big. Maybe as big as it gets.
DARK ENERGY??? How in the world did this idea originate? This is not simple to explain, it is long and complex but this is my best shot. First a little background, Einstein in one of his many predictions from derived formulae theorized that the gravity from large objects was sufficient enough to bend light. Light would need to be a particle (namely a photon) and have mass in order for this to occur. Since it has NO mass, it does have gravity - just as much gravity as something else with the same energy. So how does this work? Mass/gravity is moved around by other gravity like how an asteroid's path can be bent when acted on by another mass/gravity like a moon or a planet. Let me give you an example, do you remember when Apollo 13 had that catastrophic accident and lost all power when on its way to the Moon? There was no rocket power available to maneuver. The capsule was headed toward deep space and was hurtling in the direction of the Moon at about 25,000 MPH. There were small jets of air available to maneuver the capsule some in space so the plan became to put the ship into an exact slot where it would sling around the Moon and back toward Earth. The Lunar Module did not suffer a power loss but was available to perform some maneuvers although this was never done before. The space capsule acted just like a marble in a roulette wheel as it was falling from the upper edge of the wheel and moving toward the slot on the bottom of the wheel. How hard would it be to alter the speed of the roulette wheel to get the marble to circle the wheel halfway to the bottom of the wheel - about that hard and it had to be perfect. The capsule shot had to be perfect or the ship was not going to head back to the Earth and would be bound for deep space, to the surface of the Moon or eventually to the surface of the Earth at 25,000 MPH. It was also necessary to use the Lunar Module after swinging around the Moon to get us back quicker. CO2 was building up and time had to be cut from the trip. The second burn was also perfect, thanks to Physics, and the rest is history. This was a clear example of mass being deflected by another mass. Back to Einstein, he said that light would bend in the presence of gravity. This was proven in 1919 by an astronomer when a star that should have been behind the sun during a full solar eclipse became visible. This was also proven again in I think 1951 when another astronomer verified the same thing during a full solar eclipse - light was bent by gravity. They had both seen a star that was not reasonably visible at the time. This star was behind the Sun.
So what? I told you this wasn't simple!!! Isn't this a UFO blog? Yes it is, but understanding our Universe is step #1 in understanding how an advanced civilization may find energy. Done asking questions? OK, next step is mapping what our universe is doing and why. It has been a problem since astronomers first started trying, how do we measure how far stars are from us and how are galaxies moving with respect to us. Stars are measured by parallax which is; look at a star and calculate the angle to it, do it 6 months later when we have moved by 186 million miles (93 million miles to the sun and 6 months later we are 93 million miles on the other side of the sun), geometry will yield the result. This works for stars within 400 light years (remember a light year, pretty far, huh?) Stars past that may be studied for color and intensity and their size and distance from us can be calculated. How the color has changed will also reveal whether that star is moving toward or away from us. (Blue shift in color is coming toward us and red shift is heading away. How much this shift has occurred will reveal how fast it is moving.) This is done using the doppler effect, I think we are all familiar with doppler radar guns - I just got a ticket so I am intimately familiar with the results. We know the speed of the other galaxies and not only are the great majority moving away from us - THEY ARE ACCELERATING. Really. Why does this matter? After the original creation event, call it the Big Bang, things should have been moving away from each other at a fixed rate of speed. Picture this, fire a rocket in space until it runs out of fuel. It will accelerate until the rocket dies then continue at that speed for forever. It should not accelerate. Looking at the big picture, gravity should be affecting the action of other galaxies and they should actually be attracting - The Big Crunch at the end of time.
Still no UFO stuff? Stick with me, I'm getting there. Now we can measure how far stars/galaxies are, how they are moving, what color the stars/galaxies should be, how big they are, their total mass and what kind of gravity they will produce. Not too long ago the US launched a satellite called the WMAP and its job was to measure "to a high degree of accuracy and precision, not only the age of the universe, but also the density of atoms; the density of all other non-atomic matter; the epoch when the first stars started to shine; the 'lumpiness' of the universe, and how that 'lumpiness' depends on scale & size."
What did WMAP find? It found that the visible universe was only a tiny part of the story. Galaxies were FAR, FAR, FAR more massive than their calculated amount of mass should have been and this is coming from a satellite that was thousands of times more accurate that what was formerly possible. One last comment on galaxies, since they are so much more massive than thought, what do they do to light going by their massive gravity fields. They cause it to bend and distort just like happened around our sun but to a very serious degree. They caused galaxies behind them to distort and look oval and make spiral galaxies look like arcs of light to us viewing them. This effect is called gravitational lensing and it is a measure of how much mass is found within the closer galaxy. Looking at this nearby galaxy through x-ray, it will tell you through mapping of x-ray radiation where the dark matter is located within that galaxy. We can then calculate how massive the galaxy happens to be.
Dark Energy accounts for 73% of the energy (converted to mass by E = M C^2) of the entire universe, Dark Matter accounts for 22% and the rest is what we see. That is incredible. There is so much energy not accounted for in all of the Universe models. There is a tremendous amount of energy available for the taking. If only we could find out how to tap into it.
Where is this dark mass? Why is it accelerating? It must be because of this incredible hidden mass. Mass that we clearly cannot see. Dark matter is after all necessary to hold galaxies together and to amplify gravity enough to accomplish that. It seems that dark matter is also responsible for the acceleration of galaxies away from each other similar to the repulsive forces of magnetism. Dark matter also accounts for 22% of the entire universe. Since dark matter cannot be seen or measured, how do we know that UFO's haven't found a way to use this matter and convert it to the energy necessary to run a space ship. Since dark matter's or dark energy's effects can be calculated, perhaps it exists in a different dimension or at least one out of our grasp. Maybe UFO's/extraterrestrials have figured out how to tap into that energy source, travel along a different dimension and pop out here. Maybe governments have been studying this for some time and are trying very hard to keep their studies quiet. I don't think that an extraterrestrial civilization has found some element (like Uranium) that provides unlimited energy, the obvious choice is a combination dark matter and dark energy cocktail that will be limitless. It's the only direction that's left to go ... that we know about.